Philadelphia is the largest city in Pennsylvania and is located in the southeast part of the state at the junction of the Schuylkill and Delaware Rivers. It was settled in 1681 by Captain William Markham.
Within a half-century of the founding of the nation at Independence Hall, Philadelphia had emerged as a leader in America's Industrial Revolution. Today, the steam locomotives and hat factories of the 19th century have been replaced by diverse manufacturing specialties such as chemicals (including pharmaceuticals), medical devices, transportation equipment, printing and publishing. In the services sector, Philadelphia leads in sub sectors such as health services, insurance carriers, legal services, architecture, and engineering services. Philadelphia is also home to branches of the U.S. Mint, the Federal Reserve System and the Internal Revenue Service. The city's harbor, one of the largest freshwater ports in the world, is the centerpiece of the AmeriPort facility in south Philadelphia, a major shipping center with rail links to the Midwest and Canada.
Philly's hot spots for cultural and historical sites include the Liberty Bell Center, Independence Hall, the National Constitution Center, Valley Forge, the Philadelphia Museum of Art (the third largest art museum in the country), The Franklin Institute Science Museum, the Rodin Museum (housing the largest collection of Rodin's works outside of Paris), The Barnes Foundation (home to the world's largest collection of French Impressionist paintings outside of Paris) and The Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts. Philadelphia is also the mural capital of the country with more than 2,000 outdoor wall murals. William Penn's horticultural legacy is celebrated and perpetuated at dozens of wonderful historic estates, arboreta, display gardens, college campuses and parks. Fairmount Park is the world's largest landscaped urban park that encompasses more than 8,900 acres and gives its name to the Fairmount/Spring Garden neighborhood.
With 300,000 students and 80 regional colleges and universities, Philadelphia is a top destination for higher learning and a vibrant student life. In fact, one out of every six doctors in the country was trained in Philadelphia. The Philadelphia International Airport, approximately seven miles from Center City, serves more than 25 airlines, and Amtrak and Greyhound provide rail and bus service in and out of Philly.
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